Lydia Cassatt Reading the Morning Paper by Harriet Scott Chessman
Girl with a Pearl Earring by Tracy Chevalier
The Goldfinch by Donna Tartt
But there are others of course. See these lists for more titles: https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/feb/04/top-10-novels-featuring-works-of-art-sophia-tobin
There is another novel based on art that is on my To-Be-Read pile: Stolen Beauty by Laurie Lico Albanese. If you liked the film Woman in Gold starring Helen Mirren and Ryan Reynolds, this novel might interest you. The film is based on the true story of Maria Altmann, an elderly Jewish refugee living in Los Angeles, who fought the government of Austria for almost a decade to reclaim Gustav Klimt's iconic painting of her aunt, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I, which was stolen from her relatives by the Nazis. Stolen Beauty gives voice to the subject of that portrait, Adele Bloch-Bauer, a woman with whom the author has a connection through her great-grandmother. For the story behind the novel, go to http://lithub.com/behind-one-of-the-most-famous-faces-in-art/.