To become a City of Literature a city has to, among other things, score highly for:
· Quality, quantity and diversity of publishing in the city
· Hosting literary events and festivals which promote domestic and foreign literature
· Existence of libraries, bookstores and public or private cultural centers which preserve, promote and disseminate domestic and foreign literature.
There are 20 cities around the world which have received this designation:
Dunedin, New Zealand
Iowa City, United States
Prague, Czech Republic
If you are interested in investigating any of these cities, go to http://www.cityofliterature.com/cities-of-literature/cities-of-literature/. It provides links for the cities and explains why they are deserving of the title City of Literature.