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Friday, December 9, 2016

Review of 13 WAYS OF LOOKING AT A FAT GIRL by Mona Awad


3.5 Stars
Positive reviews of this novel of interlinked stories have been cropping up everywhere.  It was even nominated for the Scotiabank Giller Prize. 

The book is about a young woman (Lizzie/Beth/Elizabeth/Liz/Bess/Betty) who struggles with weight and changes her name as her weight changes.  Her entire life, from her teens to her 30s, is defined by food, weight, and body image.  Major events in her life (education, engagement, relocation, marriage, etc.) are mentioned only in passing.  When she does manage to lose weight, she discovers that thinness does not guarantee happiness; she becomes a bitter, judgmental woman obsessed with maintaining her slimness.

The novel depicts the struggles and indignities many women have experienced around their weight.  Anyone who has ever looked in a mirror and not liked what she sees will understand the protagonist’s emotions. 

The book is not an easy read.  It is often an uncomfortable read with its description of several cringe-worthy situations.  Its messages about society are disturbing.  Even as an adolescent, Lizzie sees her worth only in terms of how sexually desirable men find her.  She becomes involved in a number of inappropriate relationships because she is desperate for masculine attention.  And women, in the competition for society’s approval, turn on each other, cruelly judging and berating others.  Also, as witnessed in Lizzie’s relationship with her mother, obsession with weight loss and body image is passed down through generations.  Society has mandated a hatred of fat women, but its demands that women conform to an ideal size are largely unachievable and inevitably leave women feeling miserable.  When Lizzie has a svelte figure, she is amazed that her overweight manicurist can be so happy with her life.

The book blurb describes Lizzie as someone “whose life is hijacked by her struggle to conform” and that is indeed an accurate description.  She is trapped in an unhealthy relationship with food which leaves her hungry, guilty or angry.  She seems to have no pleasure in life.  Because she does not love herself, her marriage suffers.  And there is no indication that she will be able to escape; the final image of the book is that of a woman cycling in a dark gym despite fire alarms going off around her.  “She’s like a soap opera that you tune into after ten years only to find the plot hasn’t moved an inch.” 

There are some humourous scenes but they do little to alleviate the sadness I felt not only for the protagonist but for all people whose lives have been negatively impacted by society’s teaching them to loathe their bodies.